Magic Lanterns, manufactured by
James W. Queen & Co.
|James W. Queen &
Co. were American manufacturers of among other things optical goods, magic lanterns and slides.
Initially James was an employee of McAllister & Son but in 1853 he formed a
small business in optical and philosophical apparatus in Philadelphia. In 1859
he joined with Samuel L. Fox, and after Queen's retirement in 1870 Fox continued
the business under the title of James W. Queen & Co. It continued under this
name until 1893, when it was incorporated as Queen & Co. For a number of years there was a branch
office in New York City. In 1912 the company was
reorganized as the Queen-Gray Co. by John G. Gray and continued as such until
Gray's death in 1925, after which it became the Gray Instrument Company. Queens
self-condensing gas cylinders, awarded with a medal from the Franklin Institute
in 1874, hastened the replacement of gas bags with safer and more compact metal gas cylinders.
From the Scientific American, April 28, 1888:
..... In time the business became so large that it was found necessary to arrange the different branches under different departments, with a competent man at the head of each department.
There are at present six departments, arranged under the following heads: physical and chemical, engineering, ophthalmic, microscopical, the magic lantern department, and the photographic department. The headquarters of these departments are at 924 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, at the site occupied originally by Mr. Queen. But, the business having enormously outgrown the building, some departments were obliged to seek quarters for apparatus in other buildings in the vicinity of the main offices of the establishment.
..... In the department known as No. 5 may be found astronomical instruments and apparatus for projection. .... In the branch devoted to projection there are various forms of lanterns which are under the names of sciopticons, stereopticons, college lanterns, for entertainment as well as for instruction. Some of these lanterns are provided with powerful petroleum lamps of new design, which compare favourably with other illuminators. As might be expected in an establishment like this, a large stock of pictures for use with the lanterns, embracing educational views, diagrams, and pictures of various physical apparatus are kept on hand.
|This magic lantern bears
beautiful ornaments at the sides of the lamp house, which is characteristic for
the lanterns from Queen.
The Lantern is approximately 19" long by 11" high by 6" wide (48 x 28 x 15 cm). The trade mark at the backdoor shows an eagle and the text "Queen & Co., Opticians, Philadelphia".
identical magic lantern from Queen & Co. with the accompanying two-pits burner.
French-polished mahogany magic lantern complete from the limelight burner to the very
special alignment stand with its graceful, fluted columns.
magic lantern from James Queen. The wood base itself is 14 and 1/2 inches long
and from the back of the base to the tip of the lens it is almost 18 inches
(46 cm) long. It is almost 7 inches (18 cm) wide and is 18 and 1/2 inches (47
cm) to the top of the
Like the magic lantern on top this splendid lantern has also especially nice decorative cartouches with a central Rose cast in the sides, and the brass Queen & Co. Opticians Phila. medal with very nicely detailed Eagle logo on the back.
Overall length of the magic lantern is c. 17" (43 cm).
James W. Queen & Co. magic lantern with original tin kerosene burner and wooden storage box.
|The box is 17 1/2" long, 10 3/4" tall and 6 1/2" wide (c. 44.5 x 27.5 x 16.5 cm). The top lid slides open and close. The magic lantern itself is 15 3/4" long, 9 1/4" tall and 5" wide (c. 40 x 23.5 x 12.5 cm). It has a hinged door with the gold metal medallion that reads Queen & Co. Opticians, Philadelphia, and an Eagle. The tin kerosene burner is 6 1/2" long, 7" tall and 3 1/2" wide (c. 16.5 x 17.75 x 9 cm).|
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Last update: 23-05-2021.