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17. On the Look-out – “Be Prepared." The Scout is always on the look-out: his motto is "Be prepared." You will see it on his badge-an arrow head, which shows the north on a map or on the compass. "This is also the badge of the Scout in the Army, because he shows the way; so too a peace Scout shows the way in doing his duty and helping others. The motto is on a scroll turned up at the ends like a Scout's mouth, because he does his duty with a smile and willingly. "So says Baden-Powell, and surely he ought to know. As to the motto, "Be prepared," he says: "It means you are always to be in a state of readiness, in mind and body, to do your ditty. Be prepared in mind by having disciplined yourself to be obedient to every order, and also by having thought out beforehand - any accident or situation that might occur, so that you know the right thing to do at the right moment, and are willing to do it. Be prepared in body by making yourself strong and active and able to do the right thing at the right moment, and do it.

Personal Memory:

Once a year there was an action where the Boy Scouts did all kinds of chores for their neighbours to earn some money. This action was called ' Een heitje voor een karweitje' (Bob a Job). A 'heitje' was twenty-five cents, not much. Sometimes you had to brush shoes, a do dishes or shopping at the grocery store, but there were also people that let you clean up their entire garden for hours shamelessly.

I remember Saint George’s Day. Once time a year all the scouting groups of the neighbourhood came together in the Burcht (citadel) in Leiden at the crack of dawn. This Burcht was actually only a circular castle wall on a hill in the middle of the town. There we stood lined up, ran up the flag and every year again we listened to the story of Saint George Who Defeated the Dragon, the dragon that represented all the evil of the world. They expected us to do the same thing, though we had to go for evil in another way because of the acute shortage of dragons in those days. We were presented with a red tulip too, that we had to carry all day long, pinned down on our shirt. So we went to school in our uniform and with that tulip that day. I still remember that I hardly dared to move for fear of breaking the stem or making it lose its leaves.


The scouting uniform could be decorated with insignia. Of course one did not acquire them for no reason, one had to earn them. During a Summer Camp I worked for my Woodcutter Badge. I missed the wood and hit my left foot in such a bad way that the scar is still visible nowadays.


I also gained the Collector Badge. I was cheating however. I went to the scoutmaster’s house with my father’s postage stamp collection. My father accompanied me, probably partly because he did not want the scoutmaster to steal any of his stamps, partly because he did not completely trust it, his son visiting such an old man in short-long trousers. So I won my badge undeserved, for the collection that I flaunted was not mine.

Well, after many years I made good when I really started a nice collection. Stamps failed to hold my attention. That's  why I'm now collecting…… magic lanterns.
18. A Cautious Advance. If you are stalking an enemy (I hope you'll never have to do anything of the kind) or a wild animal, or advancing towards an opposing patrol, and do not want to be seen, this is the way to do it: "Advance cautiously." Remember the example of the Zulu Scout. If he is making use of a hill-top or rising ground as a look-out place, he will crawl up on all fours, lying flat in the grass; on reaching the summit he will very slowly raise his head till he can see the view. If he sees the enemy beyond, he will have a good look at them, and, if he thinks they are watching him, will keep his head perfectly steady for a long time, hoping that he will be mistaken for a stump or a stone. Any quick or sudden movement of the head on the sky-line would be very liable to attract attention, even at a considerable distance.
19. A Prisoner brought into Camp. A favourite exercise among the Scouts is connected with the sending of despatches and the endeavour to capture the despatch-runner. Our friend in the picture has been caught and brought into camp, and he has quite forgotten that point of Scout law to smile "under all circumstances. " The chap on the right is doing it to perfection. The despatch-runner was sent out to take a note to a well-known spot-the post-office in the neighbouring town. He was to get the note stamped with the post-mark of the office and return. The rest of the Scouts were posted by their leader to prevent him getting there by watching all the roads and likely paths by which he could come, but none were nearer to the post-office' than 200 yards. The despatch-runner was allowed to use any disguise he thought fit, or to slip through in a cart or waggon if he could get a friendly driver to give him a lift. But the poor chap couldn't manage the job : he has been captured. Let's hope they won't shoot him!
20. A Bivouac. Here is a jolly little scene of Scout life-a bivouac in the woods; indeed, our friends look so comfortable, and have got such a capital but to shelter in, that we think they can't do better than turn their bivouac into a permanent camp. They'll have a splendid opportunity for studying one branch of the Scout's training, "woodcraft," - the knowledge of nature and of animals. The Scout should be a lover of animals, it's one of the articles of Scout Law: "A Scout is a friend of animals. He should save them as far as possible from pain, and should not kill any animal unnecessarily, even if it is only a fly, for it is one of God's creatures." Gen. Baden-Powell is a true Scout in this respect; he believes in keeping pets, and tells how he himself caught and kept a young wild boar and a young panther, and found them "most amusing and interesting little beggars. "The boar used to live in the General's garden, and never became really tame, though caught as a baby. He would come to his master when called - but very warily; but a stranger or a native he would "go for" and cut him with his little tusks. He used to practise the use of his tusks on an old tree stump in the garden, and he would gallop at this and round it in a figure of eight continuously for five minutes at a time, and then fling himself down on his side, panting with his exertions. The panther was a beautiful and delightfully playful beast, and used to go about with the General like a dog; but he was very uncertain in his dealings with strangers.
21. An Injured Comrade. One of the great objects of the Boy Scout movement is to revive something of that fine spirit of chivalry which we associate with the knights of old, and which is only too often lacking in the selfish scramble of our modern life. And so it is one of the most important articles of Scout Law, that "it is a Scout's duty to be useful and to help others. And he is to do his duty before anything else, even though he gives up his own pleasure, or comfort, or safety to do it. When in difficulty to know which of two things to do, he must ask himself, 'Which is my duty?' that is, 'Which is best for other people?' - and do that one. He must be prepared at any time to save life, or to help injured persons. And he must do a good turn to somebody every day." Accidents will happen sometimes among the Scouts themselves, and it's a good thing to be able to help an injured comrade; but the Scout is expected to do a great deal more than this, and is taught systematically how to render aid in accidents from fire, or panics, or run-a-way horses, to save life from drowning, and so on.
22. "Good Turns": The Farmer's Hedge - But serious accidents do not happen every clay, thank heaven, and the obligation to do "a good turn" every clay is one of the obligations of the Scout law of chivalry. The Scout is to tie a knot in his necktie to remind him of this duty, and the knot forms a portion of the badge worn by every Scout. It need not be a great thing that he is to do. For instance, one thing that he can do is to mend the farmer's hedge. He is constantly indebted to the farmer for his kindness in letting him have the run of his fields or woodlands. Let him return the kindness in this way.
23. Firewood for the Cottager. --Again, "the Scout is to be courteous, that is, to be polite to all, but especially to women and children, and old people and invalids, cripples, &c. And he must not take any reward for being helpful or courteous." So our young Scouts find another opening for doing a good turn to the old lady who lives in the cottage yonder by helping her to get an apronful of firewood to boil her kettle. General Baden-Powell, you'll note, does not believe in the system of "tipping." Here is one of his little stories: "The other day I saw a boy help a lady out of a carriage, and as he shut the door after her she turned to give him some money, but he touched his cap, and smilingly said, "No, thank you, marm; it's my duty," and walked off. So I shook hands with him, for I felt that though he had not been taught, he was a Scout by nature."
Slides on this page:

The Boy Scouts: Junior Lecturer series 782/784  Boy Scouts (3 parts: In Camp with Baden Powell - Campaigning - Scout Law and Chivalry). Original readings.
The Junior Lecturers Series was produced by W. Butcher & Sons, London (1870-1906) and the slides were sold as three sets of eight, each in a cardboard box, for about 3/6 per set. Sizes 3,25" square.

Cartoons: Some slides of a set of magic lantern slides, all with a humorous Scouting theme. The pictures tell the story of little Tommy when he joined the Scouts and went off to camp, all in full colour. 3,25" square.

St. George: Three slides from a set of 12 magic lantern slides 'St. George and the Dragon'. 3,25" square.
24. An Up-Hill Job: Lending a Hand - Here's another chance for you. This old man has got an up-hill job. The harrow is heavy. Wheel it up the hill for him, and lend him your pole meanwhile to help him along. These are some of the little things the Scout may do by way of a good turn; there are plenty of others, if you'll only look out for them. "If it is only to put a halfpenny into a poor box, or to help an old woman to cross the street, or to make room on a seat for someone, or to give water to a thirsty horse, or to remove a bit of banana skin off the pavement where it is likely to throw people down, it is a good turn. But one must be done every day, and it only counts as a good turn when you do not accept any reward in return." And so, in conclusion, I think we may all very heartily wish success to General Baden-Powell and his Boy Scouts, for really we cannot do better than adopt their motto to "Be prepared" always to answer the call of duty, and their rule of conduct : one good turn every day.

Though nothing of Saint George's life or deeds can be established, legends about him became popular and increasingly extravagant. The Boy Scout movement uses the story of his rescuing a Libyan king's daughter from a dragon and then slaying the monster in return for a promise by the king's subjects to be baptized. It is a theme much represented in art, the saint frequently being depicted as a youth wearing knight's armour with a scarlet cross.

Saint George became an ideal of martial valour and selflessness. He is the patron saint of England. Feast day April 23.

Click here to see the complete set of twelve magic lantern slides.

Boy Scouts of Costa Rica.

St George and the Dragon
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