Homepage 'de Luikerwaal' Parlour magic lanterns Sorts of Magic Lanterns.
 
Parlour Magic Lanterns
 
Select another sort of magic lantern by clicking one of the images below:
Toy- or children's magic lanterns Parlour magic lanterns Large magic lanterns or Sciopticons Plural magic lanterns Special magic lanterns, cinematographs, episcopes Fancy magic lanterns
Parlour lanterns. These lanterns are already a bit larger, have a more solid construction and are consequently more expensive. Because of the larger and more dangerous oil lamps they must not be considered as a toy. Operation was done by the father or a grown up son. The magic lantern slides were larger and wider and could be projected on a screen in the living room. The projection lens usually consists of several parts. The magic lanterns were often sold in a wooden chest, mostly furnished with a colourful label, with room left free for one or more sets of magic lantern slides. Also in this case the most important manufacturers are Bing, Plank, Schoener, Falk and Carette.

Johann Falk also made magic lanterns of which the walls are composed of ceramic tiles with colourful prints. Because of their vulnerability these magic lanterns are very rare nowadays.
 
Because of the wide variety of magic lanterns it is almost impossible to classify them in categories. There will always be borderline cases and exceptions and we always could class many of them under several groups.

Besides many models were launched in several sizes and in that case we could classify the smaller ones as toy lanterns and the bigger ones as parlour lanterns.

Nevertheless we will have a try.

Toy lanterns or Children's lanterns. These magic lanterns have small dimensions, have a plain construction and were cheap. They originally were provided with a candle or a small oil lamp as source of light. They are only suitable for showing small magic lantern slides of about 2 till 4 cm wide.

Parlour lanterns.
These lanterns are already a bit larger, have a more solid construction and are consequently more expensive. Because of the larger and more dangerous oil lamps they must not be considered as a toy.

Larger lanterns.
The kind of magic lanterns that were used to present lectures in large rooms and for teaching students at schools or university.

Plural lanterns.
These lanterns were mostly made of wood and brass and consisted of two or three single lanterns that were placed on top of each other or sometimes placed side by side.
Thus amazing effects could be performed, like dissolving views.

Special lanterns.
By this we understand among other things the magic lanterns that are able to show not alone glass magic lantern slides, but also films or non-translucent cards or films, like the cinematographs and episcopes. Also remarkable lanterns like the lamposcope and the street lantern are classed here. 

Fancy lanterns.
An exclusive category is build by magic lanterns that are not recognisable as a magic lantern at first sight because they are disguised as something else, like a Buddha, a mosque or an Eiffel tower.
toverlantaarn, Bing tonnetje
 
This kind of 'lying barrel' magic lanterns has been made by several manufacturers. This one is made by the German Gebrüder Bing Nuremberg (c. 1905). Their trademark G.B.N. is pressed in the front support. The magic lantern is suitable for a small oil lamp.

This model 'EOS' was sold in eight different sizes. This is the tallest, 34 cm high, and suitable for glass slides of 8 cm wide.
On account of the larger sizes of the magic lantern slides and the somewhat more powerful oil lamp the projected images were considerable clearer and more detailed than those of the smaller toy lanterns.

The cardboard box that contains the lantern also has a compartment for a set of twelve matching magic lantern slides.


The magic lantern slides also were sold separately in a cardboard box, mostly as a set of twelve glasses. These slides are made by Gebrüder Bing and show the trademark G.B.N.
 
Magic lantern 'Helios' made by the Bing Brothers, Nuremberg.
The magic lantern is included in the 1906 Catalogues:



 
toverlantaarn E.P. postbusmodel

Magic lantern with a trade mark 'E.P.' (Ernst Plank) at the front. Circa 1900, Germany.
 
Mailbox model. Red painted tin. Black painted chimney with gold-coloured edgings. Optical system in two parts with a messing ring for the lens. Sideward hinged door at the back. Two pins in the slide holder keep a thin slide on its place. The pins can be removed quickly and simple when thicker slides in a wooden frame have to be shown.



One side is provided with two handles that can be fold out. Suitable for slides of 8 cm wide.
The sizes are approx.: long 23 cm, wide 13 cm, tall 35.5 cm including the chimney.

 
Deviating from other manufacturers in Nurnberg like Bing en Ernst Plank, Max Dannhorn was specialized in making magic lanterns. Usually the models are decorated exuberantly. This beautiful magic lantern from 1885 is provided with a brass chimney and base. The lamp house is lacquered red. The base of the lantern serves as an oil reservoir fotr the built-in lamp at he same time.

This magic lantern is suitable for slides of 3.5 cm wide.

 

 
The two largest French manufacturers of magic lanterns, Lapiere and Aubert, made models that resembled each other often strongly. They are obviously recognisable as French magic lanterns by their colourful painting with a transparent alcohol varnish. This one is made in 1880 by the two brothers Lapierre. The model was called Lanterne Riche and has been produced in nine different sizes. The larger models can be ranked among the parlour lanterns as well and were very expensive. That is why they have been sold hardly ever and why they are rather exceptionally nowadays.

The lantern can be opened in the front only by shifting the slide holder aside. The largest was 55 cm tall, the smallest less than 20 cm.

 


French magic lantern slide.
 

 
By its height of 20 inch (51 cm) the 'Prophet' made by Ernst Plank was one of the manufacturer's largest magic lanterns.

The box contained even a real poster and admission tickets.
   
 
This wonderful magic lantern could be ranked as a special lantern as well, for the splendid painted ceramic tiles make this lantern to a real curiosity.

This 'Keramik Laterne' was made around 1895 by Johann Falk. Three walls of the lamp house are composed of 'Keramikfliessen'. There exist a lot of different designs with various varicoloured flower adornments.
On account of the vulnerability of the tiles there are unfortunately not much left nowadays.

See also: Ceramic lanterns.
 
Select another sort of magic lantern by clicking one of the images below:
Toy- or children's magic lanterns Parlour magic lanterns Large magic lanterns or Sciopticons Plural magic lanterns Special magic lanterns, cinematographs, episcopes Fancy magic lanterns
 
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