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and other transparencies.
Histoire l'eclairage à travers les ages.
History of lighting through the ages.

A complete set of 12 transparencies printed on cellophane paper and mounted in a cardboard frame. Size: 8 x 10 cm.

All 12 images have the signature: L. Fillol.
This could be the French artist Léon Fillol who draw illustrations for popular scientific magazines like 'Journal des Voyages' around 1910.



Un Cavalier Confiant" (A Rider has Confidence in his Help). Set of twelve transparencies, c. 1910. Signed by the designer A. Valet. The single slides measure 8.5 x 10 cm.

"M. Durapriat achète un chapeau" (Mr Durapriat buys a head). Set of twelve transparencies, c. 1910. Not signed by the designer. The single slides measure 8.5 x 10 cm.



Complete set of eight transparencies. The first one is signed by the French artist Louis le Riverend. A couple of naughty boys pull a prank on a poor tired old man.
Le Chasseur - The Hunter. 12 transparencies in a cardboard frame by the artist A. Valet. Dimensions 10 x 8 cm.

Tol-Sims op stroken.
The Tol-Sims were not only released as single images or on sheets, but also in the form of long strips, often wound on a wooden bobbin with a handle. The bobbins are 10 cm high and 3 cm wide; the cellophane strips are approximately 80 cm long and 8.2 cm wide. The images are approximately 7 x 5.5 cm.
This system is already quite similar to the filmstrip projectors.

Wilhelm Busch in Lichtbildern.

Square sheets of a translucent film material with images of the original drawings by Wilhelm Busch, packed in cardboard envelopes measuring about 10 x 10 cm with the texts 'Wilhelm Busch in Lichtbildern', 'Mit Genehmigung der Fr. Bassermann'schen Verlags-Buchh., München', and sometimes the portraits of Max und Moritz on the front.

In total about twenty of such envelopes have been released.
These envelopes have appeared with different stories, the number of film sheets and pictures differs per story. The images are provided with one to four images. Some stories appeared in colour, most in black and white.

The transparencies had to be clamped between two glass plates (Klappgläser, flap-glasses) before they could be projected. On the back of the envelope is a warning that after a protracted projection one should not remove the film sheet from these glass plates before it is completely cooled, otherwise the film could be damaged by the sudden cooling.
In these sets are always a number of smaller, more or less independent, stories included, as below. We also see clearly on these transparencies that one to four drawings are depicted on one sheet.

Transparents from Benjamin Armand Rabier....
(also read: Lantern slides and how to make them, part 2)

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Last update: 02-01-2023.
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